Agreements between the economic operators of the contracting parties and the abuse of dominant position by the contracting parties are incompatible with the agreement if they affect trade between the EFTA states and Egypt (Article 31). Trade in processed agricultural products is a protocol to the main agreement (Article 4, point b), and Protocol A). In addition, trade in agricultural commodities is covered by three bilateral agreements negotiated separately between Iceland (the agricultural agreement between Iceland and Egypt), Norway (an agricultural agreement between Norway and Egypt) and Switzerland/Liechtenstein (an agricultural agreement between Switzerland and Egypt), on the one hand, and Egypt on the other. These agreements, which are part of the instruments for creating the free trade area (Article 4, point d), provide for tariff concessions. In November 2010, the EU and Egypt signed a protocol establishing a dispute settlement mechanism for the trade parties of the Association Agreement. Egypt has not yet ratified the protocol. Egypt is a signatory to several multilateral trade agreements: the agreement covers trade in all fish and other seafood (Article 4, Point C), and Appendix II). EFTA states grant duty-free access to imports of all Egyptian fisheries products. With regard to EFTA exports to Egypt, the agreement provides for the reduction of tariffs within the quotas from the time the agreement enters into force. Quotas for certain products will be abolished six years after the agreement comes into force. The parties intend to completely eliminate tariffs on all fish and other seafood within fourteen years of the agreement`s entry into force.

For eFTA-Egypt trade statistics, see EFTA trade statistics tool The agreement covers trade in industrial products, including fish and other seafood, and processed agricultural products. In addition, some EFTA states and Egypt have bilateral agreements on basic agricultural products, which are part of the free trade area`s creation instruments. The system was originally based on a network of free trade agreements with individual protocols of origin. The original protocols are replaced by a reference to the Regional Agreement on Preferential Rules of Origin (EMP), established in 2011, which aims to create a more homogeneous framework for original protocols. The agreement contains provisions relating to state-owned commercial enterprises, subsidies and anti-dumping measures affecting trade relations between the contracting parties, as well as safeguarding disciplines.